Despite odds, a boost in heart health for South LA

By Belinda Cai, Diana Crandall, Bentley Curtis, Taylor Haney, Daniel Jimenez, Kevin Mallory, Ken Mashinchi, Jonathan Tolliver and Yingzhi Yang

Zumba class at the Baldwin Hills Mall. | Daniel Jimenez

Zumba class at the Baldwin Hills Mall. | Daniel Jimenez

The Baldwin Hills Crenshaw community is changing shape.

The South L.A. neighborhood has received various grants within the past several years to start programs aimed at reducing its relatively high rates of diabetes, heart disease and obesity while improving access to nutrition and basic health services.

For many people, these efforts have worked. Take Debra Finley, who signed up for free Zumba classes through the BFit program at the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza.

“I was 195 pounds,” said Finley. “Now I’m 145.”

It is still unclear whether overall health outcomes are improving in the area. Many of these programs are less than a decade old, and are being pushed into neighborhoods that remain swamped with fast food restaurants and liquor stores. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, only 8 percent of area food retailers in the area are considered healthy.

Yet, many positive trends are emerging.

The California Department of Public Health reported that the number of deaths in Baldwin Hills caused by heart disease dropped 15 percent between 2007 and 2012. These numbers are in line with broader surveys of South L.A. conducted by the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health. The number of adult respondents reporting as obese dropped 2.7 percent between 2007 and 2011. While the numbers may not be drastic, they do signify an encouraging shift.

Three indicators in particular deserve a closer look: Health care access, fresh food availability and diabetes treatment.

Getting to health care, getting easier

 Access to health initiatives and resources could soon improve as well. Construction of the over $2 billion, 8.5-mile Crenshaw/LAX Transit Project may help alleviate South L.A. residents’ sense of limited mobility and improve residents’ ability to get to and from grocery stores, health care facilities and fitness classes that aren’t around the corner.

“Access to health care is the number one thing,” said Donna J. Miller, nurse practitioner and diabetes educator at University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine. “It has to be provided by people who understand the neighborhood and have access to the community.”

The train will come right up alongside To Help Everyone Health and Wellness Center, a needs-based Federal Qualified Health Center that’s been part of the community for more than 30 years. Dr. Tracy Robinson, the center’s Chief Medical Officer, said patients look forward to having the train next to the facility.

“They feel it is very convenient for them to come see a doctor,” Dr. Robinson said. “I believe [the Crenshaw/LAX Transit Project] will play a great role.”

From food swamp to food oasis

Meanwhile, a number of farmers markets have popped up in South L.A. with the specific goal of giving underserved residents access to healthy food options. The Baldwin Hills farmers market is run by Sustainable Economic Enterprises of Los Angeles, a nonprofit that focuses on connecting local farmers with nutrition-hungry communities.

Health activist and market manager Marie-Alise de Marco has seen a positive impact on the community since the market was created seven years ago.

“People discover us every week,” she said. “Once people discover us, they come back.”

Data from the LADPH survey supports her claim. Between 2007 and 2011, the number of adults who report eating five or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day has risen from 11.4 percent to 12.7 percent. As with the drop in obesity, even a small shift toward a better diet is a good sign for those in the area.

This trend is also borne out by a UCLA Center for Health Policy Research survey of South L.A., which shows the percentage of people who have eaten fast food four or more times in the previous week decreased slightly from 15.2 percent in 2007, the year SEE-LA was founded, to 14.4 percent in 2011. It is yet another positive trend indicating growing momentum behind a more health conscious community.

Market Match, a recently launched program that matches federal nutrition assistance benefits dollar for dollar at farmers markets, is attempting to incentivize healthy eating habits in the area. Participants simply show up to participating markets, swipe their benefits card, and receive tokens they can then spend on fruits and vegetables.

Quite a few policy proposals, including a 2008 moratorium on new fast food developments, have been aimed at blunting the consumption of fast food, and the data suggests that they also may be having an effect.

Although challenges remain, progress is being made.

Keeping an eye on healthy living is a key issue in South L.A., especially improving residents’ access to healthy food, said Hector Gutierrez, Food Systems and Urban Agriculture Policy Analyst at Community Health Councils. “We want it to become a food oasis instead of a food swamp.”

Confronting diabetes

Yet, diabetes remains an area where Baldwin Hills Crenshaw health programs have seen little progress. Deaths related to the illness remain high, and while much is being done to attempt to change this pattern, more education is needed.

Dr. Robinson points to a lack of patient education when it comes to the high rate of disease and mortality in the Crenshaw and South L.A. area. She said that at THE Health and Wellness Centers, doctors and administration provide patients with as many classes and programs as possible to help them improve their health.

Dr. Eric Gaylord, who has practiced optometry in the neighborhood for 24 years, has noticed that diabetes has reached endemic proportions in the area.

“One of the greatest challenges we face is getting patients to understand the seriousness and severity of the disease,” Dr. Gaylord said. “It’s about educating the patient on taking the disease seriously and controlling their glucose levels to limit complications.”

Though many challenges face the doctors and patients attempting to tackle diabetes, the small samples of data available suggest that diabetes outcomes are anomalous to an overall trend of improving health in the community. Even more initiatives are on the way.

Many locals in the Crenshaw area are taking it upon themselves to create health and wellness resources for the community. Click play on the videos below for the stories of the Black Diamond gym and Crenshaw Yoga and Dance. 

This multi-media story was produced in collaboration with the 2014-2015 M.S. Graduate Program at USC’s Annenberg School of Journalism, and was originally published on Neon Tommy.


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