Leimert Park Village Book Fair Draws 5,000+ Guests


When Terry Webb penned some 800 poems decades ago, amidst a life of drugs and crime, his publishing plans didn’t extend beyond mailing them home from prison.

“During that time I would write, and I would send them to my mother,” said Webb, a Watts resident who now works as a security guard and substance abuse counselor. “God has opened the door for me to now put this material out.”

Webb was one of more than 200 authors and artists featured at the fifth annual Leimert Park Village Book Fair on Saturday, an all-day event of literary stage performances, panel discussions, readings, workshops and vendors. More than 5,000 guests strolled through the fair among such presenters as Pulitzer Prize-winner Isabel Wilkerson and former Essence Magazine editor-in-chief Susan L. Taylor.

“We were waiting and praying to get into the book fair,” said Webb, who missed the deadline to apply for a booth and was told that he might get a spot if he showed up ready to go. “We didn’t think we’d get in.”

Hours before the fair opened, Webb waited—and prayed—with his family alongside copies of his debut book, “Poetry to God, Volume I: Lord, Please Hear the Cry,” a collection of 208 poems. Eventually, he was invited to share a booth with another author, and within an hour, he had made a sale.

“What I hope to get out of this is exposure,” said Webb. “Knowing that I’ve touched the hearts and lives of anyone who’s come in contact with this book is enough.”

In February, Webb self-published his book through Trafford Publishing and has sold about half of the 300 printed copies. It is also available electronically through Amazon and Barnes & Noble, and he has three more volumes in the works.


“I think the selling part is a bonus behind it,” said Eric Brasley, an event volunteer and founder of Books of Soul, a promotional website for African American literature. “The real piece I think is just being able to share your work and interact with other people.”

Some new authors have become regulars at the book fair, such as Wilma Blair-Reed, who has attended since 2007. A retired social worker, Blair-Reed said her biggest goal is to connect with readers through life lessons.


“There’s a purpose to my writing besides entertainment,” said Blair-Reed. “Of course you have to have entertainment in there. I love to do my little page-turning things,” she said about the plot in “The Color of Hate,” a murder-mystery set in the 1960s that deals with racism, adultery and other real-life inspired challenges.

Now on her third book, Blair-Reed says all of her writing contains a simple message: “Life happens. What you get out of it, it’s typically up to you.”

Photos by Lisa Rau

Inglewood garden grows more than just food

When Frank Scroggins helped his family grow cotton, corn and watermelon on a few acres of farmland during the tail end of the Great Depression in Shreveport, Louisiana, he never thought he would find himself a small-space grower in concrete-laden Inglewood. image

For nearly four decades, Scroggins, 77, has maximized his small, half-acre yard to grow heaps of tomatoes, peas, mustard, chard, cucumbers, turnips and his favorite three varieties of collard greens. Several months ago, he took part in launching the Queen Park Learning Garden across the street from his home.

“I prayed to God for something like this to happen,” said Scroggins. “It’s hard to get kids interested, but we want to get more young people involved.”

imageScroggins and his Queen Street neighbors considered the idea of a community garden for years, although the nearby park was a challenge because of its rundown facilities. In March, they got their chance: Queen Park received a makeover with new playground equipment from KaBOOM!, a Disney-sponsored nonprofit that creates playgrounds in low-income residential areas.

“Our model is to partner with people who want it,” said D’Artagnan Scorza, director of the Social Justice Learning Institute, which provides gardening resources to Inglewood residents. “I don’t want us to run gardens. I want people to run these gardens for themselves.”

A core group of 15 Inglewood residents manages the Queen Park Learning Garden through weekly committee meetings, events and maintenance schedules. The committee’s event on Earth Day drew nearly 300 guests, 20 of whom signed up for committee involvement.

Despite a rich, agricultural past, Inglewood is one of many communities identified as a food desert: an area which lacks adequate access to fresh produce and instead, offers an abundance of liquor stores and fast food restaurants. Now with a population of 130,000, Inglewood was incorporated in 1908 with most of the land used for farming through the 1930s. After the Great Depression, most farmland gave way to industrialization and buildings that still stand along Manchester Boulevard.

By the time Scroggins arrived in 1974, he was the exception to the rule for growing his own food. Now, he hopes more residents will take part in the practice through the Queen Park Learning Garden.

“[My children] go with me on Saturdays to water, and my two-year-old loves that because he always likes to hold the hose,” said Maygan Marie-Orr, an Inglewood resident, teacher and committee member. “They have a good time trying to identify the plants, like, ‘Oh, that’s squash. Those are peppers.'”

Marie-Orr and the committee are designing a curriculum to engage students in the entire process of growing food: preparing soil, planting, maintenance and harvesting for maximum yield. So far, they have grown more than two dozen varieties of vegetables and herbs. image

Los Angeles County is home to 73 community gardens, most of which serve gardeners who have annual incomes below $25,000, according to the UC Cooperative Extension Common Ground Program, which trains gardeners to provide nutrition and growing education to low-income areas. They report that 64 percent of their gardeners make less than $15,000 per year.

“There will always be a much greater need than all of our collective agencies and efforts that are made out there,” said Yvonne Savio, Common Ground Program manager. “But more is always better when it comes to lots of information and helping people.”

The Common Ground Program was created in 1978 when the U.S. Department of Agriculture identified 20 major metropolitan cities that would use funding to help low-income communities grow their own food. The funds for Los Angeles went primarily toward establishing the Common Ground Program and ten low-income housing developments that contained community gardens. When Savio was hired in 1994, most of the housing development gardens had dwindled to non-existence due to lack of maintenance, and federal funding had steadily decreased over the years.

However, agency-funded assistance isn’t always what community members may desire for improving their food system.

“People always talk about low-income communities wanting to rely on welfare and handouts,” said Scorza. “But I always know that’s a misnomer or a misunderstanding of what’s really going on in these communities. Most communities do want help, but they want help so that they can do it for themselves.”

Still, free food programs remain the prime way residents of food desert communities receive fresh produce. As of the 2010 Census, the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that one in seven Americans receive food stamps, totaling 44.2 million recipients. In February 2011, more than 9.7 percent of California’s roughly 37 million residents received food stamps.

The Los Angeles Food Bank provides food for those who may not qualify for food stamps but still lack adequate funds or access to food. Through a partnership with the nonprofit Feeding America, the bank provided more than 62 million pounds of food last year, 20 percent of which came from central California farmers. However, the program has to formally team up with urban growing programs.

“It’s definitely something that could reduce the dependency on food banks and pantries if we can get more of these out there,” said Darren Hoffman, communications director for Los Angeles Food Bank. He noted that the 14-acre South Central Farm, which used to sit across the street from the bank, was a promising source of sustainable food production until it closed several years ago after a change in land ownership. The farm has since relocated closer to Bakersfield.

“We’re looking into more ways to find more sustainable ways for people to get their food, but it’s tough to try to find that time and synergies where we can link with this or that group or get more people out there growing their own food,” said Hoffman, adding that policy changes are often more effective on a large scale than individual projects.

Even though small-scale gardening groups continue to crop up across food desert neighborhoods, policy groups, too, are slow to integrate with these initiatives.

“Unfortunately, I am not aware of any relationship between the effectiveness of urban farming initiatives and the federal nutrition programs,” wrote Matthew Sharp, a senior advocate with California Food Policy Advocates, in an e-mail. “There isn’t much connection between our policy work and the impressive, neighborhood-level garden and urban agriculture projects.”

So far this year, the organization has proposed several state bills to improve nutrition education in underserved communities, such as the Putting Breakfast First Act, which would provide $350 million to California public schools to offer healthy breakfast as an alternative to sitting on an empty stomach until lunch time or snacking on junk food in between.

Large-scale programs aside, community gardeners insist that small-scale initiatives are the most effective way to educate about nutrition and health on an individualized basis. image

“Community buy-in is number one,” said Marie-Orr, who pointed out that the desire for healthier nutrition standards has been a regular conversation topic in her Inglewood neighborhood. The Queen Park Community Garden is only a few months into operation, but several vegetables are being harvested, such as beets, lettuce and several herbs.

“When I get a garden, then I’m going to grow strawberries everywhere and then pick them and eat them,” said 3-year-old Brooklyn Milliner, whose mother brings him to Queen Park to play now that the playground has been renovated.

Longtime neighbors like Scroggins were not accustomed to seeing the no-smoking signs and colorful murals that now stand prominently at Queen Park.

“If we can just keep the gang bangers out of here, this park can be for the kids,” said Scroggins, who recalled that a young man was shot and killed in front of his home a few years ago. “To tell you the truth, it’s been nicer here since they put in the whole park.”

A trifecta of African American culture in South LA

Photos by Lisa Rau
Mural photo by Adrian Scott Fine

imageWhen Golden State Mutual Life Insurance went bankrupt in 2009, the historic building that had housed the West Adams firm since 1949 was seized by state regulators and slated for liquidation of all assets.

This week, the Los Angeles City Council named the building, on the corner of Adam Boulevard and Western Avenue, an official historic monument, ensuring the preservation of a trio of cultural legacies: the first and largest African American-owned insurance company in California; building design by the first African American certified architect in California, Paul Revere Williams; and scores of murals illustrating African American history in California.

“There are few places around—not only in California but across the country—where you can point to all those things happening in one place,” said Adrian Fine, director of advocacy for the Los Angeles Conservancy. “It has extreme significance of that level of telling the story of African-American heritage.”

The building has since been sold to Community Impact Development, Inc., which has encountered legal challenges regarding ownership of the building’s murals. State regulators wish to sell the building’s assets—including the murals—to repay company shareholders. Art that once sat in display cases inside the building has already been sold.image

Community Impact Development plans to lease the property to Friends of South Central Los Angeles Regional Center, which is underway with plans to restore the aging building and erect a new one in the adjacent parking lot to house the center’s existing 250 employees. They plan to fill the renovated structure with community organizations and small businesses to encourage commerce in the West Adams district.

“We’re going to stimulate development in an area that has rarely seen development in quite a few years,” said Dexter Henderson, executive director of Friends of South Central Los Angeles Regional Center. “We would like to maintain the historic legacy of that building and really help transform that corridor and that area with commerce and development.”

Funding for the project will come from the New Markets Tax Credit Program, which provides federal funds to economic development ventures. The group plans to have both the renovation and construction project underway by late 2011 or early 2012.